Kebebasan Manusia dalam Predestinasi Ganda John Calvin berdasarkan Institutes of the Christian Religion

Authors

  • Christian Arisandi Kiding Allo Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Driyarkara Jakarta

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.53396/media.v4i2.186

Keywords:

Free Will, Double Predestination, Grace, Reprobate

Abstract

This article focuses on John Calvin’s double predestination which is often considered to close the space for human freedom. It is said to be double because for Calvin God not only chooses those who are saved, but also actively chooses those who are rejected. The problem that arises is that humans are rejected and cursed because of their sins. This way of thinking implies that humans sin based on their freedom. Therefore, the relationship between God’s sovereign determination and human freedom to sin is the main focus of this study. An analytical descriptive approach will be taken on the theme of double predestination in Institutes and freedom in the philosophical tradition to clarify the relationship between humans and determinism. This description produces a perspective to see the space of human freedom in God’s absolute sovereignty.

Author Biography

Christian Arisandi Kiding Allo, Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Driyarkara Jakarta

Lahir di Denpasar, 19 Juni 1998. Saat ini ia sedang menempuh Program Magister Filsafat Keilahian di Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Driyarkara Jakarta.

References

Bavinck, Herman. Dogmatika Reformed Jilid II: Allah dan Penciptaan. Surabaya: Penerbit Momentum, 2016.

--------------- Dogmatika Reformed Jilid III: Dosa dan Keselamatan di Dalam Kristus. Surabaya: Penerbit Momentum, 2016.

Calvin, John. Institutes of the Christian Religion Vol I terj. Ford Lewis Battles, diedit oleh John T. McNeill. Louisville: The Westminster Press, 1960.

--------------- Institutes of the Christian Religion Vol II, terj. Ford Lewis Battles, diedit oleh John T. McNeill. Louisville: The Westminster Press, 1960.

Darmaputera, Eka. Etika Sederhana untuk Semua. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 2018.

Dilman, Ilham. Free Will: An Historical and Philosopical Introduction. London: Routledge, 1999.

Fischer, John Martin., Kane, Robert., Pereboom., dan Vargas, Manuel. Four Views on Free Will. USA: Blackwell Publishing, 2007.

Freud, Sigmund. Beyond the Pleasure Principle diterj. oleh James Strachey. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1961.

George, Timothy. Theologi Para Reformator. Surabaya: Penerbit Momentum, 2018.

Johnson, William Stacy. John Calvin: Reformer for the 21st Century. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2009.

J. Pohle, Encyclopedia: Predestination [artikel on-line]; diambil dari www.catholic.com/encyclopedia/Predestination diakses pada 10 Desember 2022.

Lavine, T. Z. From Socrates to Sartre. New York: Bantam Books, 1984.

McKim, Donald K. The Cambridge Companion to John Calvin. UK: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Muller, Richard A. Christ And The Decree: Christology and Predestination in Reformed Theology from Calvin to Perkins. Michigan: Baker Academic, 1986.

Sartre, Jean-Paul. Being and Nothingness diterj. oleh Sarah Richmond. New York: Washington Square Press, 2018.

Schopenhauer, Arthur. The Essays of Arthur Schopenhauer: On Human Nature Diterj. oleh T. Bailey. US: Penn State University Press, 2003.

On the freedom of the will. USA: John Wiley & Sons, 1985.

Selderhius, Herman J. The Calvin Handbook terj. Henry J. Baron, Judith J. Guder, Randi H. Lundell, dan Gerrit W. Sheeres. UK: Eerdmans, 2009.

Stauffer, Richard. The Humanity of John Calvin, terj. George A. Shriver. Nashville: Abingdon, 1971.

Thomas, Derek W. H. dan weeddale, John W. T. John Calvin: For a New Reformation. USA: Crossway, 2019.

Tjahjadi, Simon Petrus L. Petualangan Intelektual: Konfrontasi dengan Para Filsuf dari Zaman Yunani hingga Zaman Modern. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Kanisius, 2004.

Wesley, John. “Free Grace” dalam The Works of John Wesley, Vol. 3, Sermons 71–114. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1986.

------------- “Predestination Calmly Considered,” dalam The Works of John

Wesley, Vol. 10. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2011.

Downloads

Published

2023-09-27

How to Cite

Kiding Allo, C. A. (2023). Kebebasan Manusia dalam Predestinasi Ganda John Calvin berdasarkan Institutes of the Christian Religion. Media: Jurnal Filsafat Dan Teologi, 4(2), 159-178. https://doi.org/10.53396/media.v4i2.186